The Navigators issue recognised the voyages of Abel Tasman and Christopher Columbus, two of history's foremost explorers and navigators. The issue marked the 350th anniversary of the sighting of New Zealand by Tasman and the 500th anniversary of Columbus' sighting of the Americas. Although 150 years apart, the two landmark oceanic expeditions have much in common:
Both explorers set out in small wooden boats, using unreliable methods of navigation in search of new lands and new trading partners. Overcrowded and unhygienic conditions, long monotonous months at sea, poor diets and harsh punishments made life a mental and physical ordeal for Tasman's and Columbus' crews alike. Most interestingly both men misconstrued their own discoveries. When Columbus first sighted the Bahamas in 1492, he thought he had reached China, while in 1642 Tasman wrongly identified the west coast of New Zealand as part of the unknown southern continent.
On 3 August 1492 Columbus set out from Palos in Spain with the 'Santa Maria', the 'Nina' and 'Pinta', believing he could sail to Asia by heading west. Columbus, who captained the Santa Maria, had convinced the Spanish rulers that the north east trade winds could be relied on to carry his fleet safely to distant quarters of the globe. His first glimpse of the Americas, on 12 October 1492, was an island in the Bahamas, probably Watling Island (now known as San Salvador).
On 14 August 1642 Dutch sailor Abel Tasman sailed west from Batavia (Indonesia) for Mauritius, with the 'Heemskerck' and 'Zeehaen'. As leader of the expedition, his objectives were to explore New Holland (Australia), to search for the mysterious 'southern continent' and to find a trade route to China. Tasman managed to circle Australia without being aware of it, but reached Tasmania, which he named Van Diemen's Land. He sighted the northern tip of the west coast of the South Island of New Zealand on 13 December 1642. After Tasman dropped anchor to replenish the ships' water supplies, four sailors were killed when they were intercepted in their row boat by a Māori war party. Tasman called the area Murderers' Bay (now known as Golden Bay). Fear of hostile Māori kept Tasman from setting foot on New Zealand during the remainder of the journey along the west coast of the North Island.
World Columbian Miniature Sheet
Issued 22 May 1992.
New Zealand attended the World Columbian Stamp Expo in Chicago in 1992 producing a miniature sheet incorporated two stamps from 1992 Navigators stamp issue with a background design illustrating Christopher Columbus.
Single 45c 'Heemskerck' gummed stamp.
Tasman's own ship, the 'Heemskerck' was a war ship of 61 tonnes and carried a crew of 60 men.
Single 80c 'Zeehaen' gummed stamp.
The second ship in Tasman's first expedition was the 'Zeehaen'. It weighed 102 tonnes and carried 50 men.
Single $1.00 'Santa Maria' gummed stamp.
The 'Santa Maria' was a small, 30 metre, three-masted cargo ship, or caravel. It had a 52 man crew and although slow, sailed well in heavy seas.
Single $1.50 'Pinta and Nina' gummed stamp.
The 'Pinta' and the 'Nina' were smaller caravels, but faster than the Santa Maria. Each sail in the fleet was painted with a red Christian cross, and all three ships were armed with cannons.
|First Day Cover||First day cover with stamps affixed. Cancelled on the first day of issue.||$4.00|
|Date of issue:||12 March 1992|
|Designer:||Geoff Fuller, Havelock North, NZ|
|Printer:||Joh Enschedé en Zonen, Netherlands|
|Stamp size:||40mm x 28mm|
|Sheet size:||100 stamps per sheet|
|Perforation gauge:||Stamps: 13.25 x 13.75|
|Paper type:||Harrison and Sons|
|Period of sale:||These stamps remained on sale until 12 March 1993.|